Why Do We Need Deep Cleaning For Our Teeth?

Deep cleaning is a procedure carried out to treat gum and periodontal disease.  The process is often carried out as the patient has not had regular professional cleaning appointments ( every six months).

This procedure is carried out by a dental hygienist.  An instrument is used to measures the area surrounding the teeth to see if they are any gaps between the teeth and gums where bacteria could begin to form. These areas are called pockets, healthy pockets are 3 – 4 millimetres deep.  For instance, if they are deeper than 5 millimetres you may require a deep scale.

Scaling of the teeth

This process involves removing the plaque, tartar and biofilm from the tooth surface and from the pocket area in between the teeth and gums.  Deep scales are carried out by scaling and root planning, generally by using ultrasonic or/and manual scaling instruments. The root planing removes the biofilm, tartar and plaque from the tooth surface and below the gum. This process can take several appointments with a dental hygienist depending on the severity of the build up.

Ideally, once the deep scaling appointment has been carried out the gums start to become healthier, providing the patient keeps up the good oral hygiene in their home environment.

Preventing further deep cleaning

To help prevent more deeper scaling and gum disease below are a few tips to help keep your mouth healthy.

  • Brush twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
  • Floss at least once a day
  • Avoid tobacco
  • Avoid excessive alcohol
  • Attend regular dental hygienist appointments


In the instance where deeper scaling is not enough to combat periodontal disease, you may need to see a periodontist for a consultation and gum surgery may have to be considered.  Although a serious disease, periodontal disease is treatable.

Symptoms of Periodontal disease include:

An often painless disease with many people unaware they have it. Common signs are:

  • Red swollen gums which bleed easily
  • Pus around the gums and teeth
  • Bad breath which is persistent
  • Receding Gums
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Loose teeth


Regular Dental Checkups

Many diseases can be noticed by having regular checkups and scales and polises with a dental professional.  During this appointment, plaque, tartar and stain will be removed, and the surfaces of your teeth polished. In addition to having the plaque removed your gums will need to be checked to ensure they are healthy with a periodontal probe.  This helps to show if the gums have moved away from the teeth, if they bleed easily or have any pockets beginning to form around the teeth.

Appointments at our dental centre

Finally, if you have any concerns and would like to make an appointment at our dental centre, please get in touch.  You will find all our details on our contact page.